Transposition of Euratom BSS
Following the publication of the new BSS, Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom, which was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 17th January 2014 (Member States have until the 6th February 2018 to complete the process of transposition into their national regulations), HERCA established a Task Force in June 2014 on the possible role of HERCA in the transposition of BSS. The composition of the Task Force included a member of the European Commission. Furthermore, in order to ensure internal coordination, the chairs of the Working Groups/ Task Forces were also involved, especially those who had already identified some areas for discussion.
In October 2014, during its 14th meeting, the Board of HERCA approved an Action Plan in relation to the transposition and implementation of the new Euratom BSS.
The approved Action Plan covers the following areas:
- Identification of HERCA’s role in the transposition of the new EU BSS to national regulations defined;
- Definition of actions for HERCA in relation to the transposition of the BSS;
- Coordination between HERCA and the EC in relation to BSS transposition activities considered.
The Actions identified relate to different fields:
- Emergency preparedness and response
- International Cooperation (Article 99) §
- Emergency workers (Articles: 4 (31), 17 and 53)
- Reference levels for public exposures in an emergency situation. (article: 4 (84); 7)
- Medical Exposures
- Medical Equipment (Articles 60 and 58(b))
- Level II Justification.(Articles 19, 55.2(a),(c) and (h))
- Education and Training (Article 18)
- Notification of significant events (Articles 63 and 9
- Non-medical imaging exposures (Article 22)
- Education & Training : RPE/RPO
- General exchange of information
These actions, when appropriate, have been included in the relevant HERCA working groups or task forces. In some cases, it has been decided to organise a workshop as the best way to exchange views. This is the case of the Workshop on radon (Geneva, 12-14 October 2015) or the Workshop on the implementation of RPE-RPO (Paris, 6-8 July 2015).
HERCA is a voluntary association, in which the Heads of European Radiological Protection Competent Authorities work together in order to identify common issues and propose practical solutions for these issues. It has no statutory role in relation to the transposition of the Euratom BSS. However, it can be a positive force in the transposition process as indicated in the Action Plan. Uniform transposition or implementation in the Member States is not an objective of HERCA activities. Clearly it will remain a matter for individual Member States as to the extent to which they avail of HERCA’s work in transposing the BSS into their national regulations.
Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation, and repealing Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom